Bimlesh Lochab | Department of Chemistry

Profile

Bimlesh
Lochab
Associate Professor
Department of Chemistry
School of Natural Sciences (SoNS)
R-114
Block-Research Block, Shiv Nadar University
Greater Noida Uttar Pradesh
India
Extn: 
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Profile Summary 

Expertise on both synthetic and materials chemistry for designing novel materials for energy applications ranging for battery to photo-voltaic devices, OLEDs and drug delivery. Research potential lies on synthesis, functionalization and conjunction of both nano- and polymeric materials using tenets of green chemistry.

Educational Qualifications 
2005
D.Phil. in Organic Chemistry
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
2005
Building a Business (Science Entrepreneurship) Certification
SAID Business School, University of Oxford, UK
2000
M. Tech. in Polymer Science and Technology
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
1999
M. Sc. in Chemistry
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
1997
B. Sc. (Hons.) in Chemistry
University of Delhi, Delhi, India
Work Experience 
2012
Assistant Professor
Shiv Nadar University
Uttar Pradesh, India
I currently work here
2009
Assistant Professor
Ramjas College, University of Delhi
Delhi, India
2009
Assistant Manager
Seigwerk India Private Limited
Bhiwadi, Rajasthan
2009
Guest Faculty
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Delhi, India
2008
Guest Faculty
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Delhi, India
2006
Postdoctoral Research Fellow
University of Nottingham
UK
2005
Postdoctoral Research Fellow
University of Oxford
UK
2005
Retained Lecturer
Wadham College, University of Oxford
UK
Conferences (Select): 
  1. Eco-friendly halogen-free flame retardant cardanol polyphosphazene polybenzoxazine networks, Nagarjuna Amarnath, Divambal Appavoo, Bimlesh Lochab, International Conference on Advances in Polymer Science & Technology, 23-25 November, APA 2017, New Delhi, organized by IITD and CIPET. (poster)
  2. Shivani Sharma,  B. Lochab: Coumarin based self healing polybenzoxazine networks, International conference on Advancing green chemistry : Building a sustainable tomorrow, 3-4th October 2017, University of Delhi. (poster)
  3. Best Oral Presentation Award, Nisha Yadav and B. Lochab: Synthesis of smart nano-vehicle and its application in gene delivery, National conference, Biogenesis- V, Insights and innovations in Biotechnology, 2-3 Aug, 2017, Greater Noida. 
  4. Monisha, S. Shukla, A. Ghosh, S. Mitra and B. Lochab: Waste derived Li-S battery cathode materials, 21st CRSI National Symposium in Chemistry (NSC-21) and the 1st CRSI-American Chemical Society (ACS) Joint Symposium, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad, July 13-16, 2017. (poster)
  5. B. Lochab, “High performance cardanol based sustainable copolymers as cathodic materials for Li-S batteries”, International Conference on Lithium sulphur energy storage devices Advanced Rechargeable Batteries and allied Materials (Li-SM3), 26-27 April, 2017.
  6. B. Lochab, Swapnil Shukla, Arnab Ghosh, Sagar Mitra, “Waste derived Li-S battery Cathode Materials”, International Conference on Advanced Rechargeable Batteries and allied Materials (ICARBM-2017), Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (CMET), 8-10th March 2017, Pune, Maharashtra, India.(Poster)
  7. Invited lecture, “International Conference on Advance materials for power engineering (ICAMPE) 2016”, 10-13th Nov 2016”, Mahatama Gandhi University, Kerala, India.
  8. Plenary lecture, “Biopolymers & Green Composites- BPGC 2016– 4th  in series, on 29th & 30th September 2016 at   Hotel Beaumonde The Fern, Ernakulam South, Cochi, Kerala.
  9. Poster, NPL-RSC Symposium on Advanced Nanomaterials for Energy, 7th Oct 2016
  10. Oral lecture, National conference, “Combating Industrial Pollution For Sustainable Environment – A Fusion Of Industrial and Scientific Efforts” (CIPSE - 2016 ), 22-23rd September, Gargi College, University of Delhi.
  11. Invited talk, Renewable phenols: Sustainable feedstock for polymers, Gautam Budha University, 17 Mar 2016.
  12. Swapnil Shukla, Arnab Ghosh, Sagar Mitra, Bimlesh Lochab, Inverse vulcanization polymer composites via sustainable route for Li-S battery, International Conference on Advances of Energy Research, ICAER 2016, IIT Bombay.
  13. B. Lochab, Oral presentation, “Cardanol – Sustainable Source for Futuristic Applications”,  RSC workshop on "Chemistry for tomorrow's World,  2-3 Dec 2015 at Hotel Maidens, New Delhi".
  14. S. Shukla, B. Lochab, Poster presentation, “Role of Higher Functionalities in Cardanol based Benzoxazines”, RSC workshop on "Chemistry for tomorrow's World,  2-3 Dec 2015 at Hotel Maidens, New Delhi".
  15. Pratibha Sharma, Bimlesh Lochab, Devendra Kumar, Prasun Kumar Roy, Sustainable bis-benzoxazines derived from cardanol and recycled Poly(ethylene terephthalate), Macro 2015.
  16. Swapnil Shukla, Arnab Ghosh, Prasun Kumar Roy, Sagar Mitra, B. Lochab, Inverse vulcanization  polymer composites via sustainable route for Li-S battery, Macro 2015, International symposium on polymer science and technology, IACS, Calcutta, India, Jan 2015.
  17. Bimlesh Lochab, Swapnil Shukla, and Indra K. Varma, Cardanol based benzoxazine polymers: Structure property correlation, 246th American Chemical Society Conference (ACS), Indianapolis, USA, 9-12th Sep 2013.
  18. Bimlesh Lochab, Indra K. Varma and Jayashree Bijwe, Sustainable polymers derived from naturally occurring materials, World Congress on Engineering and Technology, Beijing China, 26-28th Oct, 2012.
  19. Bimlesh Lochab, “Organics in Solar Cells”, WAMFER-2012, Indo-German Workshop on Advanced Materials for Future Energy Requirements, University of Delhi, Delhi, India, 29th -1st Dec, 2012.
  20. Bimlesh Lochab, Indra K. Varma and Jayashree Bijwe, “Benzoxazines: A Step towards Renewable Polymers”, 6th International Symposium on Macro- and Supramolecular Architectures and Materials (MAM-12): Nanosystems and Applications, Coimbatore, India 21-25th Nov, 2012.
  21. Bimlesh Lochab, Indra K. Varma and Jayashree Bijwe, “Sustainable Polymers derived from Naturally Occurring Materials”, World Congress on Engineering and Technology, CET 2012, Beijing, China, 26-28th October 2012.
  22. Bimlesh Lochab, D. S. Varma, Polymers: Safety in Sustainable development”, Institute of Engineers, India (IEI), Hotel Le Meridian, Delhi, India, Aug 2012.
  23. B. Lochab, “Applications of Nanotechnology: A Reality”, Maitreyi College, University of Delhi, Invited Lecture, Aug 2011.
  24. E.A. Thomsen, D. J. Keeble, B. Lochab, P.L. Burn, and I.D.W. Samuel, The 40th Annual International Meeting of the Electron Spin Resonance group of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Poster presented "Electron paramagnetic resonance of photoinduced charge separation in poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene) derivative polymers", 25-29 March 2007, New College, Oxford, UK.
  25. E.A. Thomsen, D. J. Keeble, B. Lochab, P.L. Burn, and I.D.W. Samuel, 39th Annual International Meeting of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Advanced Techniques and Applications of EPR, “Paramagnetic centres in novel poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene) derivatives”, 2nd –5th April 2006, University of Edinburgh, UK.
  26. Lochab B., Burn P. L., Barkhouse A., Assender H., Lewis A., Samuel I., Poster presented on Charge Separation Polymers: Novel Photovoltaic Materials, 31st July-4th Aug 2005, International Conference on Optics & Photonics (SPIE 50th Anniversary), San Diego, California, USA.
  27. Lochab B. and Burn P. L., Poster presented on Organics for Photovoltaic Applications, 29th Sep. 2004, Chemistry Research Laboratory, University of Oxford, UK.
  28. Lochab B. and Varma I. K., Novel Matrix resins for Composites Based on Dendritic Polyesters, POLYCHAR-9, 8th-12th Jan 2001, Denton, Texas, USA.
Awards(Selected): 
  1. Invited talk in Zhejiang Province, China, 16-21st Oct 2018.
  2. Invitation to become as a member in Expert Committee on Bibliometrics, DST, 2nd meeting, September 20-21, 2018 at University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad. Invited to give a lecture and followed by a discussion to evolve guidelines regarding predatory journals in India.
  3. ACS invitation, Invited Lecture in the Young Talents and Upcoming Investigators, “The Third International Symposium on Polybenzoxazines: Towards Diamond Jubilee of Benzoxazine Chemistry” auspices of The Division of Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering (PMSE), The American Chemical Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 18-22, 2018.
  4. ACS invitation for presiding session in American Chemical Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 18-22, 2018.
  5. Invitation to contribute an article to Regional - INDIA Themed Issue of Green Materials, Thomas Reuters, 2017.
  6. DST, International Travel support Grant to travel to UK in LiSM3, energy conference, 26-27 April 2017.
  7. Newspaper cited B. Lochab, Green Chemistry in Hindustan Magazine, Uttar Pradesh 27th Feb 2017.
  8. Certificate of Outstanding contribution in Reviewing, Electrochimica Acta, Elsevier.
  9. Invited Lecture, UK, Li-SM3 conference on energy storage devices to give oral presentation, energy conference, 26-27 April 2017 (available online: YouTube Organizers uploaded research presentation in energy conference, LiSM3 2017, London, UK on 26-27 April 2017 is available on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UuqkND3gPq8&feature=youtu.be and http://www.lism3.org/
  10. International Travel support Grant from DST to attend conference in London, UK, Li-SM3 conference on energy storage devices to give oral presentation 2017.
  11. Outstanding contribution in Reviewing, Electrochimica Acta, Elsevier, Nov 2016.
  12. Plenary lecture, “Biopolymers & Green Composites- BPGC 2016– 4th  in series, on 29th & 30th September 2016 at   Hotel Beaumonde The Fern, Ernakulam South, Cochi, Kerala.
  13. Judge for “Symposium” for RYAN SCIENTIFIC MILIEU 2016, 23rd August 2016
  14. Invited lecture at University of Delhi, Gautam Buddha University, etc.
  15. ACS invitation for Chairing session in American Chemical Society ACS, Green Benzoxazine monomers and polymers section, Indianapolis, 2013.
  16. Invited Lecture, ACS, Green Benzoxazine monomers and polymers section, Indianapolis, 2013.
  17. Member of American Chemical Society, ACS 2013-17 (Chaired session in ACS, Benzoxazine section)
  18. Travel Grant from DST to attend conference in China, World Congress on Engineering and Technology (CET2012) to give oral presentation2012.
  19. Invited Speaker, at Institute of Engineers India, Safety Convention at Hotel Le Meridien from 9-11 August, 2012 (Best Speaker Appreciation)
  20. Certificate of Appreciation in organizing the Star College Workshop (Ramjas College, University of Delhi), Dec 2011.
  21. Attended several Conferences and workshops at National and International level.
  22. Best Poster award, University of Delhi (NWREE), 2010
  23. Young Scientist Award, Department of Science & Technology (DST), 2009-2013.
  24. Editorial and Academic Board Member, NanoTrends Journal, since Aug 2009
  25. Fellowship from C. R. Barber Trust Fund, Travel fellowship, IoP, UK, 2005.
  26. Member of Institute of Physics (IoP), 2005-2006.
  27. Member of Polymer Physics group, 2005-2006.
  28. Felix Scholarship for pursuing D. Phil., UK, 2002-2005.
  29. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research–Junior Research Fellowship, 1999.
  30. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research–University Grant Commission- National Eligibility Test, 1999.
  31. All India Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (Chemistry), 93.92 percentile, 1999.
  32. Qualified Subject GRE (AGRE) in Chemistry with a Formula Score 86, 1999.
  33. Merit-cum-Means Scholarship, 1997-1999.
  34. Certificate of Merit for standing 1st in B. Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry, 1997.
  35. Radha Sai Ram Memorial prize, Best Student in Chemistry, B. Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry, 1995.
  36. Membership of ACS (since 2013) and the Society for Polymer Science India (Lifetime)

Scholarly Activity

Journal Publications (accepted or published)

2018-19

  1. Nisha Yadav, Bimlesh Lochab, A comparative study of Graphene Oxide: Hummers, Intermediate andImproved method, Flat Chem.: Chemistry of flat materials, 2019, 13, 40-49.
  2. Monisha Monisha,# Nisha Yadav,# Bimlesh Lochab, Sustainable framework of chitosan-benzoxazine with mutual benefits: Low curing temperature, and improved thermal and mechanical properties, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 2019, 7, 4, 4473-4485 DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b06515 (IF 6.14).(# Equal contribution)

2017-18

  1. Monisha Monisha, Nagarjuna Amarnath,  Sourav Mukherjee,  Bimlesh Lochab, Cardanol Benzoxazines: A Versatile Monomer with Advancing Applications, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/macp.201800470. (IF 2.492). (Hot Topic: Batteries and Supercapacitors,15 December 2018).
  2. Nagarjuna Amarnath, Swapnil Shukla, and Bimlesh Lochab, Harvesting the benefits of inherent reactive functionalities in fully bio-sourced isomeric benzoxazines, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b03631, 2018 (IF 6.14).
  3. Vijeta Sharma, Nagarjuna Amarnath, Swapnil Shukla, R Ayana, Nisha Yadav, Deepika Kannan, Naveen Kumar, Seema  Sehrawat, Soumya Pati, B. Lochab*, S. Singh*, Benzoxazine derivatives of phytophenols show anti-plasmodial activity via sodium homeostasis disruption, Bioorg. Medicin. Chem. Lett., 2018, 28(9), 1629-1637, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2018.03.047. (IF 2.42).
  4. Monisha, Monisha; Yadav, Nisha ; Srivastava, Shashi; Singh, Samarendra; Lochab, Bimlesh, Sustainable one-step strategy towards low temperature curable superparamagnetic composite based on smartly designed Iron nanoparticles and cardanol benzoxazine, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 2555 - 2567. (IF 9.931)
  5. N. Amarnath, D. Appavoo, Bimlesh Lochab, Eco-friendly halogen-free flame retardant cardanol polyphosphazene polybenzoxazine networks, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 20186 (1), pp 389–402. (IF 6.140)
  6. Nisha Yadav, Naveen Kumar, Peeyush Prasad, Shivani Shirbhate, Seema Sehrawat,* Bimlesh Lochab*, Stable dispersions of covalently tethered PEG-PAMAM-Graphene oxide Nanoconjugates as an effective payload for siRNA for Breast Cancer Therapy“, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2018, 10 (17), 14577–14593 (IF 7.504).
  7. Vijeta Sharma, Nagarjuna Amarnath, Swapnil Shukla, R Ayana, Nisha Yadav, Deepika Kannan, Naveen Kumar, Seema  Sehrawat, Soumya Pati, B. Lochab*, S. Singh*, Benzoxazine derivatives of phytophenols show anti-plasmodial activity via sodium homeostasis disruption, Bioorg. Medicin. Chem. Lett., 2018, 28(9), 1629-1637, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2018.03.047. (IF 2.42).
  8. Arnab Ghosh,† Swapnil Shukla,† Monisha, Ajit Kumar, Bimlesh Lochab,* and Sagar Mitra*, Sulfur Co-polymer a New Cathode Structure for Room Temperature Sodium-Sulfur Batteries, ACS Energy Lett.20172 (10), 2478–2485. († equal contribution, * corresponding authors) (IF 12.277)
  9. Nisha Yadav, A. Dubey, S. Shukla, C. P. Saini, G. Gupta, R. Priyadarshini,* B. Lochab,* Graphene Oxide Coated Surface: Inhibition of Bacterial Biofilm Formation due to Specific Surface-Interface Chemical Interactions, ACS Omega, 2017, 2 (7), pp 3070–3082. DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.7b00371. * corresponding authors
  10. Monisha, S. Shukla, Bimlesh Lochab, Nanoparticles as curing and adhesive aid for biobased and petrobased polybenzoxazines, Green Mat., 2017, 5 (2), 94-102; DOI: 10.1680/JGRMA.17.00004. (IF 1.344)

    2016

  11. Pratibha Sharma, Manju Srivastava, B. Lochab, Devendra Kumar, Arunachalam Ramanan, and Prasun Kumar Roy, Metal-Organic Frameworks as curing accelerators for benzoxazines, ChemistrySelect, 2016, 3924 – 3932.
  12. S. Shukla, A. Ghosh, P. K. Roy, S. Mitra, B. Lochab, Cardanol benzoxazines - a sustainable linker for elemental sulphur based copolymers via inverse vulcanization, Polymer 2016, 99, 349-357.
  13. S. Shukla, B. Lochab, Role of higher aromatic content in modulating properties of cardanol based benzoxazines, Polymer 2016, 99, 684-694.
  14. Arnab Ghosh, Swapnil Shukla, Gaganpreet Singh Khosla, Bimlesh Lochab, Sagar Mitra, Sustainable Sulfur-rich Copolymer/Graphene Composite as Lithium-Sulfur Battery Cathode with Excellent Electrochemical Performance, Sci. Rep. 2016, 6, 1-13.
  15. Swapnil Shukla, Manorama Tripathi, Arup Mahata, Biswarup Pathak, Bimlesh Lochab, Kinetics behind a strategy for modulation of sustainable benzoxazines: Experimental study and its theoretical verification, Macromol. Chem. Phys., 2016, 217, 1342–1353. Highlighted as cover page
  16. Swapnil Shukla, Arnab Ghosh, Uttam Kumar Sen, Prasun Kumar Roy, Sagar Mitra, Bimlesh Lochab, Cardanol benzoxazine-Sulfur Copolymers for Li-S batteries: Symbiosis of Sustainability and Performance, ChemistrySelect, 2016, 1, 594-600.
  17. Pratibha Sharma, Bimlesh Lochab, Devendra Kumar, Prasun Kumar Roy, Sustainable bis-benzoxazines from cardanol and PET derived terephthalamides, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng., 2016, 4 (3), pp 1085–1093.

    2015

  18. Swapnil Shukla, Arup Mahata, Biswarup Pathak and  Bimlesh Lochab, Cardanol benzoxazines – interplay of oxazine functionality (mono to tetra) and properties, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 78071–78080.

  19. Pratibha Sharma, Bimlesh Lochab, Devendra Kumar, Prasun Kumar Roy, Interfacial encapsulation of biobased benzoxazines in epoxy shells for temperature triggered healing, J. Appl. Polym. Sci.  2015, 132, 42832, DOI: 10.1002/APP.42832. 

    2014
     

  20. Pratibha Sharma, Swapnil Shukla, Bimlesh Lochab, Devendra Kumar, Prasun Kumar Roy, Microencapsulated cardanol derived benzoxazines for self-healing applications, Mater. Lett.  (2014), 133, 266-268.
  21. Bimlesh Lochab, Swapnil Shukla and Indra K. Varma, Naturally occurring phenolic sources: Monomers and Polymers, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 21712-21752.

    2013-2002

  22. Bimlesh Lochab, Indra K. Varma and Jayashree Bijwe, Blends of benzoxazine monomers: Effect of structure and composition on polymer properties, J. Therm. Anal. and Calorimetry, 2013, 111, 1357-1364.
  23. Bimlesh Lochab, Indra K. Varma and Jayashree Bijwe, Sustainable polymers derived from naturally occurring materials, Adv. Mater. Phys. Chem., Vol. 2 No. 4B, 2012, pp. 221-225. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B056.
  24. Bimlesh Lochab, Indra K. Varma and Jayashree Bijwe, Cardanol based Bisbenzoxazines: Effect of Structure on Thermal Behaviour, J. Therm. Anal. and Calorimetry, 2012, 107, 661-668.
  25. Bimlesh Lochab, Indra K. Varma and Jayashree Bijwe, Thermal behaviour of cardanol-based benzoxazines: Monomers and polymers, J. Therm. Anal. and Calorimetry, 2010, 102, 769-74.
  26. Indra K. Varma, Bimlesh Lochab and Jayashree Bijwe, “High Performance, High Temperature Polymers - Recent Developments”, Indian Chemical Engineer, 2009, 51, 98.
  27. E. A. Thomsen, D. J. Keeble, B. Lochab, P. L. Burn, H. El-Mkami, and I. D. W. Samuel, Photoinduced charge separation in poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene) derivatives studied by electron paramagnetic resonance, Org. Electron., 2008, 9(5), 809. 
  28. B. Lochab, P. L. Burn, A. Barkhouse, H. E. Assender, D. J. Keeble, E. A. Thomsen, A. Lewis, and I. D. W. Samuel, Electronically asymmetric poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene)s for photovoltaic cells, Org. Electron., 2007, 8, 801.
  29. I. K. Varma , Veena Choudhary, Bharti Gaur, Bimlesh Lochab, Sonia Oberoi, Rashmi Chauhan Curing and thermal behavior of poly(allyl azide) and bismaleimides, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2006, 101(1), 779 – 86.
  30. Gaur B., Lochab B., Choudhary V. and Varma I. K., Azido Polymers: Energetic Binders for Solid Rocket Propellants, J. Macromol. Sci., Polym. Reviews, 2003, C43(4), 505-45. (Impact Factor: 8.000)
  31. Gaur B., Lochab B., Choudhary V. and Varma I. K., Azido Polymers: Energetic Binders for Solid Rocket Propellants, J. Macromol. Sci., Polym. Reviews, 2003, C43(4), 505-45.
  32. Gaur B., Lochab B., Choudhary V. and Varma I. K., Thermal behaviour of poly(allylazide), J. Therm. Anal. and Calorimetry, 2003, 71(2), 467-79. 
  33. Lochab B. and Varma I. K., Thermal behaviour of dendritic methacrylated polyesters, Mater. Res. Innov., 2002, 6(4), 167-73. 

Patent

  1. Burn P. L., Lochab B., Charge separation polymers for photovoltaic cells. US Patent 20090173378A1.
  2. Varma I. K., Choudhary V., Gaur B., Lochab B. and Oberoi S., Energetic Binders (Azido polymers) using Novel Dipolarophiles, Ind. Pat. Appl. 251983, 725/DEL/2003.
  3. Varma I. K., Choudhary V., Gaur B., Lochab B. and Oberoi S., A process for the production of energetic binder (Azido Polymer), Indian patent application 1316/Del/2002/dated31-12-02.

Books & Book Chapters

  1. Sunanda Sukumar, Bimlesh Lochab, “A Manual in Chemistry”, Lab-manual from UG Chemistry labs, Studium Press (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2017, ISBN: 978-93-80012-90-2. (Book)
  2. Swapnil Shukla, Nisha Yadav, and Bimlesh Lochab, Cardanol based benzoxazines and their applications, Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology, H. Ishida, and P. Froimowicz Ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam (2017), Chapter 24, pp 451-470, ISBN: 978-0-12-804170-3
  3. Swapnil Shukla and Bimlesh Lochab, Lignin based phenols: Potential feedstock for renewable benzoxazines, Advanced and Emerging Polybenzoxazine Science and Technology, H. Ishida and P. Froimowicz Ed., Elsevier, Amsterdam (2017) Chapter 25, pp 473-496, ISBN: 978-0-12-804170-3
  4. Ann-Christine Albertsson, Indra K. Varma, Bimlesh Lochab, Anna Finne Wistrand and Kamlesh Kumar; Design and Synthesis of Different Types of Poly(Lactic Acid), In “Poly(lactic acid): Synthesis, Properties, Processing and Applications” , 2010, Eds. Rafael A. Auras, Loong-Tak Lim, Susan E. M. Selke, and Hideto Tsuji, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2010, Chapter 4, pp. 43-55.